Reaching Out to the Sun

EMD stands for Eye Movement Desensitization It is a form of therapy that helps people heal from trauma or other distressing life experiences. EMD therapy has been extensively researched and has demonstrated effectiveness for trauma. EMDR therapy does not require talking in detail about the distressing issue, or homework between sessions. EMD, rather than focusing on changing the emotions, thoughts, or behaviors resulting from the distressing issue, allows the brain to resume its natural healing process. EMD therapy is designed to resolve unprocessed traumatic memories in the brain. EMD was the original protocol developed by F. Shapiro in 1989, which later evolved in 1991 to the EMDR standard protocol. The EMD protocol was reintroduced in 2004 in the Military and Post-Disaster Response Manual  as the need for a circumscribed emergency intervention became more pronounced. The primary difference between EMD and EMDR is that in EMD, the focus is on the traumatic event initially targeted without looking for other related chains of events. Its use was evaluated by Ichii (1997), who provided EMD within 1 month of the event to two female earthquake survivors who initially reported a strong sense of fear and a high level on the subjective units of disturbance (SUD) scale (F. Shapiro, 2001), and after one session reported an SUD level of zero.